I’ll throw in just because.
How does a smurf differentiate from someone making a second or extra account of any number (which has clearly been stated to be okay to do) other than the act of deranking/sabotage/throwing?
If you really want to say smurfing is more than just sabotage than maybe I’d give you that but it’s not simply “not sabotage” once they start trying. If they simply only tried then they’d theoretically get back to where they should be, but you know what they do to stay low? That’s right they throw again, even if it’s in a stack with other throwers/smurfs it’s still throwing/deranking. Literally the only act separating a smurf from a random player trying to play the game is the act of throwing.
It’s not even as simple as “you’re below another account you have” or “you have more than one account” as some people try to make it.
For example I had (I guess still have technically I just don’t use it) an account on Xbox initially and maintained high gold/low plat pretty consistently. Then I finally got a good pc and moved to that, placing low gold and eventually stabilizing mid/high silver. Am I smurfing/cheating then? Because according to a lot of definitions people use on here (not my first overwatch account, lower than my initial account) I am, but using any common sense shows I’m not.
As far as the CoC goes have you really never thought or seen that companies will put broad clauses in “agreements” to cover themselves in case something unique or unforeseen happens so that way the person they want to action against can’t say “well you didn’t say it anywhere”.
I’ve worked in both banks and in hotels and clauses like that were everywhere so we could cover against unforeseen events that we needed to deal with (either by kicking someone out in the hotel or with fines/closing accounts or even legal action in the bank). It’s intentionally vague and open to interpretation so they can cover for anything they want to at any time while still appearing “reasonable”, but until they specifically talk about smurfing when talking about cheating it is just that, your interpretation. Which you’re entitled to, but I don’t agree with it. As my interpretation is that it does not fall under cheating. It does still break the rules since they have to throw/derank which is against the rules in itself. But arguing about which rule it breaks/how it is illegal is like letting a criminal escape because you’re fighting over what to charge them with instead of just arresting them. Ban them for throwing and intentionally losing/deranking (which I hope a majority agrees is against the rules and wrong) and move on.
Want to have something to go after smurfs for, and with the least likely possibility of attacking innocent players? Go after them when they throw to get/stay low.